Asthma is a disease that involves the airways in the lungs. These airways also known as bronchial tubes enable humans to breathe. Inflammation in these airways can cause troubled breathing which in medical terms is known as asthma. A large number of people are troubled by this disease all around the world. If you are looking for more information regarding asthma to fight against it, then Healthreviewss is going to provide that for you. The inflammation mentioned earlier increases sometimes in the muscles around the airways triggering symptoms of asthma. The difficulty in breathing is accompanied with wheezing, coughing and tightness felt in the chest.
Types of Asthma
While some people can develop asthmatic tendencies while exercising, others can reduce it through exercise. The one caused by exercise is known as exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). Generally, people with a history of allergies are prone to developing asthma. Sometimes, it is termed as allergic asthma. Occupational asthma is the one caused by continuous inhalation of fumes, gases and dust particles during the job. Childhood asthma is quite a common occurrence among children. This usually happens as a part of heredity. In fact, children who develop asthma do so before the age of 5.
Symptoms and Diagnosis of Asthma
The commonest symptoms of asthma include:
- Chronic coughing
- Chest tightness or pain
- Short of breath
- Troubled sleep due to coughing
All these aggravate with exposure to dust, pollen, mold, pet dander and also sometimes through smoke, pollution and cold air alterations in climate. The symptoms are also known as asthma attacks. The symptoms can also aggravate under stress. The symptoms exhibited by children are mostly similar to those of adults. Asthma symptoms occur during a specific time and tracking that pattern helps the doctor diagnose the condition and also the intensity of it. It usually occurs during:
- Early morning/night
- After laughing or crying hard
- During particular seasons
- During or post exercise
- Exposure to common asthma triggers
A physician diagnoses the disease by examining the medical history of the patient and also by asking him to undertake breathing tests. One such test is known as spirometry in which the patient takes a deep breath and blow into a sensor to the measure the amount of air the lungs can hold and also measure the pace of inhalation and exhalation. Sometimes, doctors may conduct allergy tests to find out about the disease as well.
Treatment and Management of Asthma
Asthma cannot be cured totally but it can be arrested with effective treatment and management. Patients are trained to avoid the triggers and also take medicines properly to control the symptoms. Different types of inhaling medicines are administered like Flovent Diskus, Pulmicort Flexhaler, Asmanex, Alvesco and others. The inhaling medicines are also combined with long-acting-beta-agonist or LABAs to bring effective results. Sometimes doctors prescribe Leukotriene modifiers like Singulair for arresting the symptoms. Short-acting-beta-agonists are often prescribed for quick relaxation.
People already suffering from asthma are often at the risk of being inflicted by pneumonia and influenza. Thus, it is important to get vaccinated annually.